A Junk Removal Company Can Remove Your Furniture And Other Junk For A Fair Price




If you have a lot of junk in your garage, backyard, basement, office, deck, home, and attic, you may want to consider hiring the services of a junk removal company. Waste removal companies can remove your old furniture, belongings, old appliances, computers, televisions, tires, and almost anything else. They can also remove wood, debris, and fencing from your yard. Such companies do not usually remove hazardous materials or items. Junk removal companies specialize in removing unwanted junk and materials from apartments, homes, construction companies, and commercial businesses.

You will not have to bring the waste to the curb if you hire a trash removal company. They will load the junk into their trucks and clean up afterwards.

Most junk removal companies take their jobs seriously and they can help you reduce the clutter in your home for a fair price. They will also make sure your trash is disposed properly and in an eco-friendly manner.

When their houses have been foreclosed and others use them when they need to remove stuff after a renovation or restoration, many people use junk removal companies. Additionally, many people use these companies when they need to get rid of furniture and over-sized items, and some people use them to clear fire damage.

Make sure you choose a reliable junk removal company. Make sure the removal specialists are licensed, bonded, and insured before they start working in your home. Do you know that if an employee gets injured on your property, you may be liable for a personal injury lawsuit? Accidents happen every day, so make sure the company is insured. A reliable contractor will be happy to show you proof of their liability insurance. Removing trash is not an easy task and workers need to be in excellent shape. Injuries can happy at any moment. Protective clothing, footwear, and eye protection is also very important.

Junk removal companies usually have large vehicles so that their workers can get the job done quickly. Most junk removal companies use enormous trucks and trailers.

The best junk removal companies will respond to your needs quickly. If you contact a company and leave a message, you should hear from them in at least 48 hours. When you make an appointment, reliable contractors will also show up on time. Keep in mind that many companies offer off hour and same day services and some of them work on holidays and weekends. There are many professional., helpful, and friendly waste removal companies around.

Waste removal companies will save you time and clear out your junk, so that you can go to work and take care of important things. They can help if you're demolishing something or need to clear unwanted items. They will get the job done quickly so that you can focus on work and your family.

Many companies charge fair prices and some of them offer free estimates. If you are on a strict budget, junk removal service companies are affordable even. The price you pay will depend on the company, how much junk you have, and whether or not they have to make several trips to your home. Some professionals charge a flat rate for their services. By doing research and checking a professionals' credentials and references, you will avoid many problems, save time, and feel good knowing that you have found a reliable company for your junk removal needs.

A junk removal company can help you remove heavy items, trash, toys, electronics and anything else you want to get rid of. Waste removal specialists are only a phone call way. They are there when you need their help and they will remove your junk as quickly as possible. Please remember that some jobs are time-consuming and too dangerous, so it is always a smart idea to hire a professional.


If you have a lot of junk in your garage, backyard, basement, office, deck, home, and attic, you may want to consider hiring the services of a junk removal company. Junk removal companies specialize in removing unwanted junk and materials from apartments, homes, construction companies, and commercial businesses.

The best junk removal companies will respond to your needs quickly. By doing research and checking a professionals' credentials and references, you will avoid many problems, save time, and feel good knowing that you have found a reliable company for your junk removal needs.

A junk removal company can help you remove heavy items, click here trash, toys, electronics and anything else you want to get rid of.

Why You Should Look Into Dental Implants



Modern dental restorative procedures have resulted in a considerable reduction in the number of teeth extracted each year, many people still have one or more missing natural teeth in their mouth. If you are one of them and looking for a lifelong and permanent replacement option for a missing tooth, then dental implants should be your first choice!

What is a Dental Implant?

A dental implant is a fixture that is embedded within the jaw bone and replaces natural teeth by supporting a prosthesis, such as a crown or removable or fixed denture. After the placement of dental implants, bone formation occurs in the surroundings of the implant, resulting in firm anchorage and stability of the artificial tooth.

How Do Dental Implants Work?

The success and excellent durability of dental implants is dependent upon their ability to form direct contact with the surrounding jaw bone. This process is known as osseointegration and ensures that any prosthesis that is placed over the implant remains retained and stable, thereby restoring optimal functioning of the artificial tooth.

Who Should Get an Implant?

In general, any person who has one or more missing natural teeth is a candidate for an implant. You should consider getting an implant if:

• You want a long term and durable replacement for your missing natural teeth.

• You want to restore your facial esthetics by getting your missing teeth replaced.

• You want to speak and eat without any difficulty.

• You want to get rid of your inconvenient and uncomfortable dentures.

Why Are Implants Better Than Other Dental Prosthetics?

Dental implants are gaining widespread popularity as the most convenient and durable replacement option for missing teeth. Let's have a look why you might prefer them over other tooth replacement options, such as bridges and dentures:

• Enjoy a Beautiful Smile - Loss of a tooth can ruin your smile and facial esthetics. Esthetically pleasing dental prosthesis can be placed over the implants, thereby restoring your beautiful smile and charming appearance.

• Durability - Unlike the dentures and dental bridges, dental implants are designed to last forever. You can expect them to function for a lifetime if you take proper care of your oral health and adhere to your dentist's instructions regarding the care of the implants.

• Minimal Requirement for Tooth Preparation - Fabrication of teeth bridges, even for the replacement of a single tooth requires reduction of the adjacent teeth. On the other hand, placement of dental implants does not require any preparation or reduction of the adjacent teeth, thereby preserving the natural tooth structure.

• Eat Any Food You Like - People who wear fixed or removable dentures have to avoid eating hard and sticky foods. This means they have Paradise family dentist to miss out on many of their favorite foods. After replacing your teeth with dental implants, you can enjoy all of your favorite foods without having the fear of breaking or dislodging your dentures.

• Improved Oral Hygiene - Maintaining optimal hygiene around dental bridges can be difficult as the bristles of the brush are unable to remove food particles from beneath them. As a result, additional oral hygiene measures may be required to achieve optimal dental health. Unlike dentures and bridges, you can clean your dental implants exactly the same way as you clean your natural teeth, allowing you to maintain excellent oral hygiene and physical health.

• Comfort - Dental implants are embedded within the jaw bone just like your natural teeth. You get the same level of comfort, convenience and natural feeling as you have with your natural teeth when you replace a missing tooth with a dental implant.

How are They Placed?

Placement of dental implants is usually carried out in multiple stages. However, single step implant placement procedures are also gaining popularity. The following steps are involved in the placement of dental implants:

• Formulation of a Treatment Plan - Before placing an implant, your dentist will have a detailed look at your medical and dental records, followed by performing an extensive clinical examination of your oral cavity. This is done to make sure that you are a suitable candidate for getting an implant, and to prepare a treatment plan that is tailored according to your dental needs.

• Administration of Anesthesia - Since implant placement is a surgical procedure, your dentist will anesthetize the region where the implant is to be placed, so that you remain comfortable and pain-free throughout the procedure.

• Reflection of Soft Tissues - In the next step, your dentist will make an incision over the oral soft tissues, so as to expose the underlying jaw bone.

• Placement of the Implant - A hole is drilled inside the jaw bone, such that it is slightly narrower than the actual thickness of the implant. The implant is then carefully tapped or screwed into position by applying precise and controlled forces.

• Provision of a Prosthesis over the Implant- In case a two-step implant placement procedure is planned, a healing abutment is placed over the implant and the overlying soft tissues are sutured to allow healing of the surgical site. The healing abutment is removed and a prosthetic is mounted to the implant once healing has taken place. If immediate implant loading has been planned, a prosthetic is immediately placed over the implant.

Dental implants are the next best to your natural teeth. So say goodbye to your dentures today, and start enjoying the convenience and comfort of your dental implants by talking with your dentist about the possibility of getting dental implants.


If you are one of them and looking for a permanent and lifelong replacement option for a missing tooth, then dental implants should be your first choice!

After replacing your teeth with dental implants, you can enjoy all of your favorite foods without having the fear of breaking or dislodging your dentures.

Unlike dentures and bridges, you can clean your dental implants exactly the same way as you clean your natural teeth, allowing you to maintain excellent oral hygiene and physical health.

• Provision of a Prosthesis over the Implant- In case a two-step implant placement procedure is planned, a healing abutment is placed over the implant and the overlying soft tissues are sutured to allow healing of the surgical site. If immediate implant loading has been planned, a prosthetic is immediately placed over the implant.

Normal Hair Growth and Common Hair Loss



Normal Hair Growth Cycles

No hair grows from the follicle for 90 days. Once this time has passed, a new hair begins growing through the skin and continues for another three to five years at a rate of approximately 1/2 inch per month.

It is thought that as many as 100 genes are involved in regulating the creation, construction and cycling of scalp hair. To date, very few of these genes have been identified.

Common Pattern Hair Loss

Hamilton-Norwood Hair Loss Scale

For those concerned about hair loss, many myths and half-truths abound, but useful information can be difficult to obtain. Therefore, an objective overview of pattern hair loss is presented herein.

In healthy well-nourished individuals of both genders, the most common form of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA), also known as pattern hair loss. The disorder affects approximately 40 million American men. Perhaps surprisingly, the same disorder affects about 20 million American women. The difference between men and women is that a woman suffering hair loss usually retains her feminine hairline and experiences thinning behind this leading edge. In men, a distinct "pattern" of loss manifests where the frontal edge recedes at the same time that a thinning zone expands from the posterior crown. In more pronounced cases, these zones meet and the person is said to be clinically bald.

Three Triggers

Importantly, three things need to occur in order for one to be affected by AGA. One must inherit the genetic predisposition. This means that the problem comes from one or both sides of the family. Second, one needs to attain a certain age. Nine year old children do not experience pattern hair loss. And third, one needs to have the circulating hormones that precipitate onset and progression of the disorder.

Typically, the earliest onset of AGA occurs in late puberty or one's early 20's. As a general rule, the earlier hair loss begins, the more pronounced it is likely to become.

Hormones, Enzymes & Other Factors

Crystallography of DHT molecule
From a susceptibility standpoint, the principle hormonal trigger linked to pattern hair loss is 5-alpha dihydrotestosterone, commonly referred to as DHT. Intriguingly, it has been shown that in persons genetically insensitive to DHT, pattern hair loss does not occur. DHT is synthesized from the androgen hormone testosterone and is useful early in life and during puberty.

In adults, DHT is thought to cause significant harm, but very little good. Disorders as disparate as benign prostatic hyperplasia and pattern hair loss are both triggered by DHT. The synthesis of DHT occurs via two closely related forms of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. Hair loss treatment options that efficiently interfere with the interaction between 5-alpha reductase and androgen hormones like testosterone have been shown to offer clinical benefit in treating pattern hair loss.

Because hair growth is regulated by multiple genes and attendant biochemical pathways, the underlying factors are extremely complex. Another challenge to understanding hair loss has been the fact that humans, alone among mammals, suffer from androgenetic alopecia. Thus, no efficient animal model exists that would otherwise tend to shed light upon the key factors at work.

Hair Loss Variations Other Than AGA

In either gender, the differential diagnosis is typically made based on the patient's history and clinical presentation. The common differentials for AGA include alopecia areata (AA), Trichotillomania, and telogen effluvium. Less often, the cause of hair loss may be associated with disorders such as lupus erythematosis, scabies or other skin manifesting disease processes. Scalp biopsy and lab assay may be useful in ascertaining a definitive diagnosis, but, in such cases, should generally only follow an initial clinical evaluation by a qualified treating physician.

Pattern Hair Loss Treatment Options

It has wryly been observed that the choices for dealing with hair loss are "drugs, plugs, or rugs". This quip articulates three treatment options that are more kindly referred to as non-surgical hair systems, surgical hair restoration, and pharmacotherapy.

Non-surgical Restoration

Typical Hair Piece

Hair replacement systems have been in regular use at least since the time of ancient Egypt. These products also go by the term hair integration systems, wigs, weaves, hair pieces, toupees and many other names.

Such attachment to the living scalp is almost never permanent, and for good reason. Aside from the fact that the unit itself wears out, basic hygiene dictates that the wearer regularly remove the unit to clean the underlying hair and scalp. There are almost always three basic elements to a hair replacement system. The first is the hair itself which may be synthetic, natural, or a combination thereof. The second element is the base of the unit. Typically, the hair is woven in to a fabric-like base which is then attached in some fashion to the scalp. This brings up the third element; which is the means of attachment. Methods include sewing the base to the fringe hair, gluing the base to the fringe hair, or gluing the base to the bald scalp.

Potential advantages to hair systems include the immediacy of achieving a full hair "look" that can appear, to the casual observer, to approximate a full head of hair. The potential disadvantages of hair systems are many and varied.

In persons who are actively losing hair, vs. those who are essentially bald, the hair system itself may rapidly accelerate the process of going bald. Another disadvantage is the hard leading edge that can give away the fact that a person is wearing a hair system. In the past, this problem has been addressed by using delicate lace front artificial hairlines that look quite natural but tend to be extremely fragile.

Because they are nonliving, hair systems must be serviced and eventually replaced themselves. The costs of servicing and maintaining a hair replacement system are not insubstantial-- and such costs can dramatically exceed the initial price of acquisition.

Surgical Hair Restoration

Surgical hair restoration, commonly known as hair transplantation, exploits a phenomenon first described in the 1950's. This phenomenon, donor dependence refers to the observation that hair bearing tissue, when relocated to a previously balding area of the same person's scalp, continues to produce viable, vigorously hair that persists in its new location as it otherwise would, had it not been "relocated". In appropriately selected patients, surgical hair restoration can constitute a positive solution to pattern hair loss

There are important caveats to hair transplantation. The first concerns supply and demand. At the present time, one may not transplant hair from one person to another without causing a destructive and florid foreign body response in the recipient. Thus, both operator and patient are relegated to whatever permanent hair bearing tissue is in place. Accordingly, it is highly important to conserve and strategically place this precious resource appropriately.

The second major caveat to hair transplantation concerns achieving clinically beneficial endpoint results. A hair line that is spotty or too abrupt may look worse than it did before it was restored. By the same token, hair behind the leading edge that is not restored in a fashion that yields meaningful density (e.g. 1 hair per mm/sq) often fails to approximate a full head of hair. In selecting a transplant surgeon, artistic excellence is at least read more equal in importance to basic surgical skill.

The third caveat to hair transplantation refers to a problem known as chasing a receding hair line. Because hair loss is relentless and progressive, it is possible that donor hair restored integrated into an apparently intact area of scalp hair may end up as an island of hair because the hair behind it continues to erode. In this situation, patients are compelled to augment hair behind the restoration zone in order to retain a full appearance. This works reasonably well until either the hair stops thinning or one eventually runs out of donor hair.

Ideally, for persons undergoing transplant surgery, it would be helpful to incorporate a treatment option that safely and effectively arrested the progression of hair loss, allowing the treating surgeon to fill in the thin areas without the concern of chasing a receding hair line.

Drug-based Hair Loss Treatment Options

From a treatment perspective, the two most widely used therapeutic interventions against pattern hair loss have been topical minoxidil and oral finasteride.

Minoxidil

Minoxidil, first sold under the trade-name Rogaine( TM) was initially developed as the oral antihypertensive drug, Loniten( TM). In some patients who used minoxidil to treat blood pressure problems, it was observed that unusual hair growth occurred on the face and scalp. This was somewhat colloquially referred to as the werewolf affect. > From this observation, topical compositions containing minoxidil were successfully tested on balding scalps. Rogaine( TM) (2% minoxidil) was the first hair loss treatment drug approved by the FDA for use in men. Eventually, Rogaine( TM) (2% minoxidil) was approved for use in women. Extra Strength Rogaine( TM) (5% minoxidil) was approved by the FDA for use solely in men.

The advantages of Rogaine( TM) include the ability to arrest, and possibly reverse, pattern hair loss. Based on Pfizer's own marketing materials, Rogaine( TM) has primarily been shown to be effective in treating hair loss in the vertex and posterior scalp, but not the anterior hairline. Minoxidil is a potent drug with potential side effects that include hypotension and skin irritation.

Finasteride

Finasteride, a selective type II 5-alpha reductase inhibitor was originally developed, in 5 mg oral dosage, under the trade name Proscar( TM) to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Because BPH is linked biochemically to the same metabolic pathways that trigger pattern hair loss, it was hypothesized that finasteride could be clinically useful in both pathologies. In placebo-controlled studies on men with mild to moderate hair loss, Propecia( TM) was shown to produce clinically relevant benefit in arresting, and in some cases, reversing the progression of the disorder.

Dutasteride

Like finasteride, dutasteride was originally developed to treat BPH. Unlike finasteride however, dutasteride inhibits both isoforms of 5-alpha reductase, while finasteride inhibits only type II 5-alpha reductase. Interestingly, a clinical study undertaken by GlaxoSmithKline, the EPICS trial, did not find dutasteride to be more effective than finasteride in treating BPH.

At the present time, dutasteride is approved to treat BPH. Clinical trials for dutasteride as a hair loss drug were undertaken, but halted in late 2002. Potential side effects noted with the use of dutasteride include gynecomastia, changes to PSA levels, teratogenic effects and others that closely parallel the negative side effect profile described by the makers of finasteride.

In December 2006, GlaxoSmithKline embarked on a new Phase III, six month study in Korea to test the safety, tolerability and effectiveness of a once-daily dose of dutasteride (0.5 mg) for the treatment of AGA in the vertex region of the scalp (types IIIv, IV and V on the Hamilton-Norwood scale). The future impact that this study will have on the FDA's approval or disapproval of Avodart for the treatment of male pattern baldness in the United States is yet to be determined.

Other Drugs

On occasion, but specifically in female patients drugs including spironalactone & flutamide have, on occasion been used off-label to treat various forms of hair loss. Each drug comes with a host of potential side effects, and none has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of pattern hair loss.

Non-drug based Hair Loss Treatment Options

Recently, botanically derived substances have come under serious investigation as potentially useful tools against AGA. This effort has been largely pioneered by the makers of HairGenesis(TM). After the creation of HairGenesis(TM) a number of other products came on the market. Some incorporated drugs like minoxidil. Others, used variations on the theme of non-drug based formulations. However, aside from HairGenesis(TM), none has been supported with a third party, IRB monitored, placebo-controlled, double blind study-- published in the peer-reviewed medical literature. This makes HairGenesis(TM) unique in the category. For those wishing to see how HairGenesis(TM) is thought to compare to other hair loss treatment options, a review of the HairGenesis(TM) Comparison Page is encouraged.

Inasmuch as the bulk of this website focuses on the benefits associated with HairGenesis(TM), the numerous points in favor of HairGenesis(TM) treatment will not be reiterated herein. Two points are relevant to the present discussion, however, and will be concisely articulated.

First, the complex of naturally derived active substances used in HairGenesis(TM) have been shown to operate through pathways and mechanisms that are unique from one another, as well as separate and apart from those within which drug-based treatments work. Suffice to say that this observation has presented a unique opportunity to develop HairGenesis into a "cocktail" treatment wherein formulation synergy would most likely occur.

In plain English, this means that HairGenesis(TM) has been designed to be greater than the sum of its parts.


In healthy well-nourished individuals of both genders, the most common form of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA), also known as pattern hair loss. These products also go by the term hair integration systems, wigs, weaves, hair pieces, toupees and many other names. Surgical hair restoration, commonly known as hair transplantation, exploits a phenomenon first described in the 1950's. By the same token, hair behind the leading edge that is not restored in a fashion that yields meaningful density (e.g. 1 hair per mm/sq) often fails to approximate a full head of hair. Because hair loss is relentless and progressive, it is possible that donor hair restored integrated into an apparently intact area of scalp hair may end up as an island of hair because the hair behind it continues to erode.

Must Know Etiquette for Graduation Announcements Invitations Cards



Helpful Graduation Announcements and Graduating Invitations Etiquette for All School Grads

With today's varied and multiple educational options, graduation is a year round season and happening, which means everyone needs to prepared for graduating ceremonies, graduate parties with fancy and not so elegant dinners, and most of all, that all important gift giving. While academics accomplishments and achievements are an important element of celebrating any and all educational milestone, it is helpful if people of all ages are knowledgeable about the protocol of these gigantic milestones in their educational life.

Custom Graduation Announcements are for Announcing You're Graduating

When personalizing and sending your stylish announcements for graduates, good etiquette suggests that they should be mailed after the ceremony has been held. School grads, at all graduating milestones, should send graduating announcement cards to friends and family members who they would like to know about this significant educational accomplishment, even those who you might not have had recent close contact.

Personalized Graduating Invitations - What to Include and Who to Send the Invites To

Lots of people see little differences, there are, in fact, significant differences between graduating announcements and graduation invitations, regardless of whether they are for kindergarten, high school, college, nursing, and any other level of graduating. For most graduate ceremonies, the graduates usually are offered a limited amount of tickets, so in many cases, not every friend or family member will be able to attend. It is better to offer tickets to the immediate family members, including the proud grandparents. It is up to the grad to be very clear with those who actually receive a graduation invitation that the distribution is limited, and they should attend, if at all possible. And, for those who do not receive graduate invitations, a tactful explanation should be given explaining why is a brief explanation in their announcement.

Remembering Your Etiquette for Graduation Invitations and Graduating Announcements

It is truly interesting to see the difference in people who apparently have been taught about these etiquette situations as compared to those who have very little knowledge about graduation ceremonies and celebrations. For these and other reasons, everyone should prepare their children by ensuring they understand and gain the confidence why it's important. With all the fanfare and celebrations surrounding graduations, from pre-k, high school, advanced degrees, and all levels in between, comes school graduating graduation cookout invitations etiquette guidelines that they will want to be aware of and follow, thus ensuring everything goes smoothly and avoid having hurt feelings. Proper etiquette includes a wide range including, but not limited to, who should get invitations for graduation and school graduate announcements cards, appropriate gifts, party etiquette, and the all important, thank you note cards tips for surviving all graduations with class.

The skills and lessons learned while in the classrooms will help everyone on the job, but those people skills that you use and have are the ones that will afford you a definite advantage in the work environment. Good etiquette, whether socially or professional, makes everyone's life more complete and happier, since it includes behavior and interaction with others, and it is relationships and people who contribute to and drive our lives.


School grads, at all graduating milestones, should send graduating announcement cards to friends and family members who they would like to know about this significant educational accomplishment, even those who you might not have had recent close contact. Lots of people see little differences, there are, in fact, significant differences between graduating announcements and graduation invitations, regardless of whether they are for kindergarten, high school, college, nursing, and any other level of graduating. For most graduate ceremonies, the graduates usually are offered a limited amount of tickets, so in many cases, not every friend or family member will be able to attend. Proper etiquette includes a wide range including, but not limited to, who should get invitations for graduation and school graduate announcements cards, appropriate gifts, party etiquette, and the all important, thank you note cards tips for surviving all graduations with class.

Common Myths About Podiatrists



Podiatry as a medical specialty has advanced greatly over the last fifty years In certain areas, recognition and understanding of that advance by the general public and even the medical community has not followed. No longer a trade that simply treats corns, toenails, and calluses, podiatry has become the branch of medicine with the most expertise in foot and ankle medicine and surgery. This article will discuss common myths about podiatry, and the nature of this specialty in 2010.

Myth # 1: Podiatrists only go to school for two years.

After graduating from a four year undergraduate university, podiatrists go to school just as long as a medical doctor (MD), or doctor of osteopathy (DO). The difference begins in the third year, where podiatry students begin to develop experience in foot and ankle medicine. Upon graduating, new podiatrists become hospital-based resident physicians for two to three years, learning advanced medical and surgical techniques, and usually are tasked with the same responsibilities as MD and DO interns and residents in those institutions.

Myth # 2: Podiatrist mainly treat nails and calluses

There was a time in the former half of the last century that podiatrists (then known as chiropodists) strictly treated nails, calluses, and simple foot pain. For the last forty years, podiatrists have treated every condition that could possibly affect the foot and ankle, from bunions and hammertoes, to serious infections and fractures, and even severe birth deformities.

Myth # 3: Podiatrists do not perform surgery

The specialty of podiatry is generally a surgical one, since many treatments performed by a podiatrist in or out of the office involve some hands-on procedure. While some of this is not surgery in the sense of involving an operating room and general anesthesia (like the in-office treatment of ingrown toenails, for example), much of what podiatrists do does involve traditional surgery. Nearly all podiatrists perform hospital or surgery center-based surgery. They become board certified in foot surgery, and American podiatrists are recognized world-wide as the experts in foot and ankle surgery. Podiatrists employ traditional orthopedic surgical techniques, and also pioneer procedures unique to the specialty to advance modern foot and ankle surgical knowledge. Podiatrists perform routine corrective surgery, but also serve on trauma teams and save lives with aggressive surgical intervention in diabetic foot infections. Some sub-specialize in pediatric surgery, while others concentrate on sports medicine.

Myth # 4: Podiatrists use expensive shoe inserts to treat everything.

Part of the unique advantages of a podiatrist over another specialist who has cross-treatment of foot problems is the podiatrist's education and understanding of the field of biomechanics. Part of a podiatrist's education is understanding this relationship, how it factors into foot disease and injury, and how it can be manipulated to prevent injury and disease. Since many common foot injuries are related to excessive foot flattening, or less commonly a high arch, orthotics have a role in stabilizing and preventing that disease process.

Myth # 5: "Bone doctors" are better trained to treat foot injuries than podiatrists.

Orthopedic surgeons share with podiatrists treatment of many of the same conditions that involve the foot and ankle. Most general orthopedic surgeons are not as specially trained in foot and ankle medicine and surgery as modern podiatrists, with most of their experience lying within the scope of trauma and fracture care. While orthopedic surgeons are highly trained specialists who excel in treating all other areas of the body, they have less training in elective foot reconstruction, non-surgical treatment of the foot, and foot biomechanics. There are orthopedic surgeons who specialize in the foot and ankle, with more fellowship training and experience. These fellowships are short compared with a typical podiatry residency, and emphasize surgical treatment over non-surgical treatment. By contrast, most podiatrists practice a mix of non-surgical medical therapy and surgical intervention, and have established themselves as the first line specialist for foot and ankle conditions due to their comprehensive training and breadth of treatment capabilities.

By understanding the role that podiatrists play in modern medicine, old myths about who provides foot care can be dispelled, and patients seeking expert care of the foot and ankle can find the appropriate physician to provide that treatment.


They become board certified in foot surgery, and American podiatrists are recognized world-wide as the experts in foot and ankle surgery. Part of the unique advantages of a podiatrist over another specialist who has cross-treatment of foot problems is the podiatrist's education and understanding of the field of biomechanics. Since many common foot injuries are related to excessive foot flattening, or less commonly a high arch, orthotics have a role in stabilizing and preventing that disease process. Most general orthopedic surgeons are not as specially trained in foot and ankle medicine and surgery as modern podiatrists, with most of their experience lying within the scope of trauma check here and fracture care. While orthopedic surgeons are highly trained specialists who excel in treating all other areas of the body, they have less training in elective foot reconstruction, non-surgical treatment of the foot, and foot biomechanics.

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